Antique 17th-Early 18th Century Turkish Ottoman (Polish) Mace Buzdygan
Antique 17th - early18th century Turkish Ottoman (Polish) mace "Buzdygan," with a bronze head formed of eleven shaped flanges (some flanges are missing), surmounted at the top by a small bun-shaped pommel, each flange is pierced and chased with entwined foliage and scrolling pattern. A brass socket of circular section decorated in repoussé with characteristics 17th-century fish scales pattern, enclosed by bands with vine motifs. Black lacquered wooden haft is encased at the end in brass sheet grip, riveted with iron nails, and fitted on the center with bud shaped iron finial for suspension cord (remains of the cord are still present).
The lower band incised with the word "PATENT," which in the Polish language means " officer commission"
The commissioned officer "PATENT" during the 16th-18th century was the official state nomination in the cavalry regiments of the Polish - Lithuanian Army.
Only a king or hetman had the right to issue a patent for the rank of Rotmistrz (Captain) or Pulkownik (Colonel).
Buzdygan mace was a sign of the rank and authority of the Pulkownik and Rotmistrz.
The "Patent" was handed by the king or hetman or by secretaries or staff couriers.
Sometimes a new commissioned Rotmistrsz or Pulkownik was presented by a king or hetman with buzdygan mace together with the document (Patent).
Most of the maces used in 17th century Poland were mainly of Turkish origin, imported from the Ottoman Empire, or obtained as war booty by Polish soldiers in the war with Ottomans.
Several maces with more or less the same shape and combination of materials have been preserved in many European museums.
REFERENCES with a comparable mace:
1." TURKISH ARMS" by E.G. Astvatsaturjan. Page:186
2. "Bulawy i buzdygany w Polsce od XVI do XVIII wieku" by Jacek Gutowski. Page 207,223 ,234
3. "Régi magyar fegyverek" by Dr. Kalmar Janos, page 25
4." Cold Arms" - exhibition catalog in the City Museum Vršac Serbia. Page; 61
5." Украина- козацька держава" by Володимир Недяк. (Ukrainian Cossack state by Volodymyr Nedyak) Page: 537
The buyer will be provided with a copy of the pages from the mentioned references, together with a certificate authenticity.
Overall length: 52.5 cm (20.67 inches)
Height of the head including finial: 7.3 cm (2.87 inches)
Width of the head at the widest point: 6 cm (2.36 inches)
WEIGHT: 430 grams (15.168 oz)
CONDITION: Showing age and usage, with old patina, traces of old repair by soldering on joining the brass socket with the bronze head and the upper rim of the brass grip, some flanges are missing, some bent, obviously this damages was cost by combat impact.
Please see the pictures in the listing since they are part of the description of the condition of the object.
PROVENANCE: This mace comes together with other antique Polish arms and armor from an old Canadian collection of Polish antiques and art.
We attached the photo to the listing that we took when purchasing this collection, showing this mace together with other maces (the second mace from the left).
To see other rare objects from this collection, please view our store’s contents.